Landscape can be seen as the outcome of human process, which continuously change and create layers of collective memories and identities. Yet, if this human process is influenced by the power and the needs of dominant political, social or religious practises, what could be the consequences on the landscape?
Bosnian landscape is today scattered by hundreds of new small-scale memorials, built by each ethnic group to remember their own fallen (Muslims, Croats and Serbs) of the 1992-1995 war. Beyond creating further layers of identities, these new monuments may be perceived as a dispersed set of micro-practises that - interpreting Foucault's idea - somehow marks the surveillance of the territory by ethnic groups.
New Bosnian memorials juxtapose with the massive, and mainly futuristic, monuments remembering the Yugoslavian fallen of the WWII, with no ethnic distinction. Usually large-scale landscape and monuments are depicted by photographers with large format camera; the preference for iphone for small-scale landscape seems to be a good metaphor of the new Bosnian monuments.